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Coronavirus symptoms: when do they show and what are they? – Telegraph.co.uk, Telegraph.co.uk

Coronavirus symptoms: when do they show and what are they? – Telegraph.co.uk, Telegraph.co.uk

Since Covid – emerged at the beginning of this year in China it has caused widespread devastation globally – infecting more than 1, , people and killing more than , .

There are cases in nearly every country in the world and even the most sophisticated health systems in Europe and the United States are struggling to contain it.

There have now been 75,

confirmed cases in the UK , although many more people are thought to be infected, and 7, 2002 patients have died. , People have now been tested in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

As the disease has spread around the world our knowledge of it has grown, with a vaccine now being trialled, diagnostic tests being developed and new treatments being tested.

But there is also a lot that individuals can do to stop themselves picking up and spreading this disease. This practical guide will help you keep yourself and your family safe and tell you everything you need to know about this global pandemic.

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in

animals . Seven, including the new virus, have made the jump to humans, but most just cause common cold-like symptoms.

Only two other coronaviruses – Middle East respiratory syndrome (Mers) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) – have been deadly but did not spread on the same scale as Covid – . They have killed more than 1, 978 people between them since

So far, around (to) (per cent of Covid – cases have been classed as “severe” and the current death rate varies between 0.7 per cent and 3.4 per cent depending on the location and, crucially, access to good hospital care.

Scientists in China believe that Covid – has mutated into two strains , one more aggressive than the other, which could make developing a vaccine more complicated.

Senior medics have also demanded that the official list of coronavirus symptoms should be expanded to include loss of smell and taste .

How long do coronavirus symptoms last?

Because Covid – 21 is so new there is a good deal of uncertainty around this. One detailed medical report of a waitress on the Diamond Princess cruise ship – a disease hotspot – who had a mild form of the disease showed that she displayed symptoms for days. And a study of nine German patients who were also only mildly affected showed that they displayed symptoms for between eight and days.

However, anecdotal reports on social media show that people can feel extreme fatigue for several days after more obvious symptoms such as cough and fever have subsided.

People with more severe forms of the disease will take longer to recover – a study of patients who were hospitalized in China showed that some patients were in hospital for up to two weeks, although the average stay was 19 days.

What is the incubation period?

Symptoms are thought to appear between two and days after contracting the virus, but it may be up to days.

Most people (about per cent) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. However, around one out of every six people ( per cent) becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing.

Older people, and those with basic medical problems Like high blood pressure, heart problems, lung complaints or diabetes are more likely to develop serious illness.

When should I seek medical help?

If you have difficulty breathing – for example, you are breathing hard and fast, then you should seek medical help. But do not go to a GP – call NHS . The The NHS 243 website has a symptom checker and specific advice about what you should do in the event that you need to seek medical help.

If you have a fever and a cough – the main early symptoms of coronavirus – the government now advises that you self-isolate for seven days. However, if you live with others you and the people you live with will have to self isolate for 20 days. This will help protect others.

If you live alone, ask neighbors, friends and family to help you to get the things you need.

You do not need to call NHS to go into self-isolation. But if your symptoms worsen during home isolation or are no better after seven days contact the NHS online . If you have no internet access, you should call NHS

For a medical emergency dial .

How to ‘self-isolate’ if you think you might have coronavirus

If you think you may have the virus, you should try to isolate or quarantine yourself .

This means you should:

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