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Full Third-Party Cookie Blocking and More, Hacker News


This blog post covers several enhancements to Intelligent Tracking Prevention (ITP) in iOS and iPadOS 4 and Safari .1 on macOS to address our latest discoveries in the industry around tracking.

Full Third-Party Cookie Blocking

Cookies for cross-site resources are now blocked by default across the board. This is a significant improvement for privacy since it removes any sense of exceptions or “a little bit of cross-site tracking is allowed.”

It might seem like a bigger change than it is. But we’ve added so many restrictions to ITP since its initial release in that we are now at a place where most third-party cookies are already blocked in Safari. To keep supporting cross-site integration, we shipped the Storage Access API two years ago to provide the means for authenticated embeds to get cookie access with mandatory user control . It is going through the standards process in the W3C Privacy Community Group right now.

Regardless of the size of this change, there are further benefits, as explored below.

Paves the Way For Other Browsers

Safari continues to pave the way for privacy on the web, this time as the first mainstream browser to fully block third-party cookies by default. As far as we know, only the Tor Browser has featured full third-party cookie blocking by default before Safari, but Brave just has a few exceptions left in its blocking so in practice they are in the same good place. We know Chrome wants this behavior too and they announced that they’ll be shipping it by .

We will report on our experiences of full third-party cookie blocking to the privacy groups in W3C to help other browsers take the leap.

Removes Statefulness From Cookie Blocking

Full third-party cookie blocking removes statefulness in cookie blocking. As discussed in our December blog post , the internal state of tracking prevention could be turned into a tracking vector. Full third-party cookie blocking makes sure there’s no ITP state that can be detected through cookie blocking behavior. We’d like to again thank Google for initiating this analysis through their report.

Disables Login Fingerprinting

As discussed by Jeremiah Grossman back in and and Tom Anthony in , and set up by Robin Linus in 2019 as a live demo with which you can test your browser , this technique allows a website to invisibly detect where you are logged in and is viable in any browser without full third-party cookie blocking.

Since “global browser state” has been top of mind in the web privacy community as of late, we’d like to point out that cookies themselves are global state and unless the browser blocks or partitions them in third-party contexts , they allow for cross-site leakage of user information such as login fingerprinting.

Additional Benefits

In addition, there are further benefits to full third-party cookie blocking:

Disables cross-site request forgery attacks against websites through third-party requests. Note that you still need to protect against forged requests that come in through top frame navigations (see

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