Friday , October 23 2020

Taal volcano: Lava spews as 'hazardous eruption' feared – BBC News,



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Time- lapse of lighting storm swirling round Philippine volcano

A volcano in the Philippines has begun spewing lava, as authorities warn that a “hazardous eruption” is possible “within hours or days”.

In the early hours of Monday weak lava began flowing out of Taal volcano- located some (km)miles) south of the capital Manila.

It comes after it emitted a huge plume of ash triggering the mass evacuation of 8, 0 people from the area.

Taal is the Philippines’ second most active volcano.

lies on an island in the middle of a lake , it is one of the world’s smallest volcanoes and has recorded at least (eruptions in the past) years.

                                                                                                      Image copyright                 Phivolcs                                                      
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                                    Weak lava has began flowing out of the Taal volcano                             

****** Taal volcano entered a period of intense unrest … that progressed into magmatic eruption at (**********************************************************: (to) ****************************************************** … this is characterized by weak lava fountaining accompanied by thunder and flashes of lightning, “the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said in a statement.

But Phivolcs director Renato Solidum said that signs of a hazardous eruption, including “flows of ashes, rocks, gas at speeds of more than 49 kph horizontally “had not yet occurred, according to CNN Philippines.

Phivolcs has now raised the alert level from 3 to 4, out of a maximum of 5.

Authorities have also warned of a possible “volcanic tsunami”, which can be trigged by falling debris after an eruption, pushing the water and generating waves.

‘Covered in ash’

On Sunday, the volcano emitted a giant plume of ash, with rumbling sounds and tremors also reported.

A total of 90 earthquakes have occurred in the Taal region, with 32 of these earthquakes ranking II and higher on the earthquake intensity scale, said Phivolcs.

The Official United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said more than (**************************************, (0 people are estimated to live within the km (miles) danger zone of the Taal volcano.


Ash fell on several areas nearby with residents advised to wear masks. One resident in metro Manila said shops had begun to run out of masks.

(When I went to my car, I saw it was covered in ash. I hurriedly went to buy a mask from a drugstore but they had run out, “Angel Bautista , a resident of Paranaque told Reuters.


“Gray and lifeless”

By Howard Johnson, BBC News, Tagaytay, Philippines

As we approached the Taal volcano area this morning we saw local residents shovelling thick wet ash from the roads. Pineapple groves, normally verdant and luscious, now looked gray and lifeless.

In the distance Taal continued to billow ash and smoke miles into the sky. As the morning went on the ash clouds became darker.

Police manning a 28 km exclusion zone stopped people from traveling to the area close to the volcano, but there was a steady flow of cars and trucks moving out .

On the back of one pick-up truck I saw a large family with their treasured household possessions. They were moving in the direction of the Philippine capital Manila, where many people are choosing to stay with relatives.


                                                                                                      Image copyright                 AFP                                                      
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                                    Cars, buildings and roads have been left covered in ash                             
                                                                                                      Image copyright                 EPA                                                      
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                                    Even birds have been blanketed by ashfall                             

The volcanic ash also forced Manila’s international airport to suspend all flights on Sunday. Phivolcs had warned that the “airborne ash and ballistic fragments from the eruption … posed hazards to aircrafts”.

The Civil Aviation Authority announced later on Monday that it had resumed “partial operations” as of (*******************************************************: (local time) (********************************************************: ******************************************************** GMT) for flights departing the airport and (*******************************************************: for flights arriving.

The Philippine stock exchange also announced it would halt all trading on Monday.

                                                                                                      Image copyright                 Reuters                                                      
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                                    Ash from the Taal volcano has affected thousands of residents in nearby areas                             

President Rodrigo Duterte’s office has also ordered the suspension of government work in Manila and of all schools across all levels in the capital.


Earthquakes and volcanic activity are not uncommon in the Philippines, which lies along the Ring of Fire – a zone of major seismic activity which has one of the world’s most active fault lines.


Taal: ‘A very dangerous volcano’

                                                                                                      Image copyright                 Getty Images                                                  

The active volcano is at the center of the 230 sq km Lake Taal, formed by prehistoric eruptions

    Taal is a “complex volcano”, which means it does not have one vent or cone but several eruption points which have changed over time

      The Head of Phivolcs calls Taal “a volcano within a volcano” and says as such it is “very dangerous”

        Taal has erupted in different ways more than

          ****************************** times in the past years – most recently in

          A 2019 eruption killed about 1, 500 people. A eruption lasted several months

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