WHO urges countries to 'track and trace' every Covid-19 case – The Guardian,

WHO urges countries to 'track and trace' every Covid-19 case – The Guardian,

Countries should find and test every case of coronavirus to stop the pandemic, the World Health Organization has said a day after the UK announced that only the most seriously ill will be tested .

“You can’t fight a virus if you don’t know where it is,” the WHO’s director general, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said at a briefing on Friday. “Find, isolate, test and treat every case to break the chains of Covid transmission. Every case we find and treat limits the expansion of the disease. ”

The World Health Organization is recommending that people take simple precautions to reduce exposure to and transmission of the coronavirus, for which there is no specific cure or vaccine.

The UN agency advises people to:

  • Frequently wash their hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or warm water and soap
  • Cover their mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue when sneezing or coughing
  • Avoid close contact with anyone who has a fever or cough
  • Seek early medical help if they have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, and share their travel history with healthcare providers

  • Avoid direct, unprotected contact with live. animals and surfaces in contact with animals when visiting live markets in affected areas
  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked animal products. and exercise care when handling raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods.
  • Despite a surge in sales of face masks in the aftermath of the coronavirus outbreak, experts are divided over whether they can prevent transmission and infection. There is some evidence to suggest that masks can help prevent hand-to-mouth transmissions, given the large number of times people touch their faces. The consensus appears to be that wearing a mask can limit – but not eliminate – the risks, provided it is used correctly.

  • Justin McCurry
  • The UK government said on Thursday that it would no longer try to “track and trace” everyone suspected of having the virus. Instead, under plans outlined by Boris Johnson and his medical and scientific advisers, testing would be limited to patients in hospital with serious breathing problems, which may be caused by coronavirus but could also be because of flu. Isolation at home would be a voluntary measure, but anyone with a persistent cough or temperature would be asked to do so.

    The prime minister’s briefing , which followed an emergency Cobra meeting, also marked a sudden and significant U-turn in NHS policy. Just a day earlier NHS England had announced an increase in testing in the community. A “significant expansion of coronavirus testing, with enhanced labs” would help the health service carry out 66, 10 tests a day, it said.

    However, after the WHO declared coronavirus a pandemic, the government moved the UK from the “containment” phase into “delay”, accepting the inevitability of millions of infections. This also moved the testing strategy to one where people are no longer tested, but anyone with a temperature or a continuous cough is advised to stay home for seven days, to reduce the number of people they will infect.

    People with symptoms are not even advised to call NHS , but look at the online advice. The only time to seek medical help is if they get worse, not better.

    Many people still waiting for a test will probably not get one. Those who have been tested and are waiting at home for results will be informed because the backlog will be cleared. But within a week or so, testing will only be done on people with serious symptoms who have been admitted to hospital.

    Some doctors said the government strategy was pragmatic; others that it was dangerous.

    Testing was “incredibly important”, Devi Sridhar, a professor of global public health at Edinburgh University, said on Twitter. “It’s mind-boggling that the UK has stopped testing those with mild symptoms and is now asking them to self-isolate instead.”

    Paul Kellam, a professor of virus genomics in the department of infectious diseases at Imperial College London, said modeling in the UK and in Washington state, US, suggested the actual number of cases was five-to 13 – fold higher than those already detected . People without symptoms or only very mild disease were not being counted. Johnson said up to 10, 06 People in the UK were probably now infected.

    Kellam said the value of community testing to find individuals who had a mild case of the disease was now questionable.

    “Early on in the epidemic, in Taiwan and countries immediately adjacent to China, there was not at the time an absolute certainty that the virus would spread worldwide, so early on the policy was to contain. Finding all the people who are infected and the people they have been in contact with to try to bring that infection chain to a standstill was the right strategy, ”he said.

    But now it was a pandemic and likely to be an endemic infection, one that lingers in the population and could largely disappear, but will recur the following winter or year.

    Prof Sheila Bird, the former program leader leader of the MRC Biostatistics Unit at the University of Cambridge, said the number of cases had risen so far already that it would be hard to trace all the contacts of an infected person.

    “They are being realistic. The capacity to do that sort of track and trace is probably already overwhelmed, ”she said. “The focus is now on monitoring the more serious end of the disease spectrum.”

    However, she said, it did mean that the basis of the data being collected on the epidemic in the UK would change, and that that needed to be marked by a break in the figures; simply adding the new numbers to the old totals would skew the understanding of the epidemic.

    (Read More )

  • What do you think?

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

    Pelosi vows to pass coronavirus bill without word of a deal with White House or House GOP – CNBC, CNBC

    Pelosi vows to pass coronavirus bill without word of a deal with White House or House GOP – CNBC, CNBC

    London Marathon postponed to 4 October in response to coronavirus – The Guardian,

    London Marathon postponed to 4 October in response to coronavirus – The Guardian,