Key workers or those with children identified as vulnerable can continue to take their children to school.
Community centers will be allowed to remain open but only for the purpose of “hosting essential voluntary or public services “such as food banks or service for homeless people, the guidance says.
Hotels, hostels, campsites and caravan parks must also close unless key workers need to stay there, or if other people staying there cannot return to their primary residence.
Several police forces said they were facing a high number of phone calls from members of the public seeking clarification on the new rest rictions.
Northamptonshire Police Chief Constable Nick Adderley warned the public not to “cripple” his force’s phone lines.
Martin Hewitt, chair of the National Police Chiefs’ Council, said they were working with the government and other agencies to work out how best to enforce the new rules.
But Ken Marsh, chairman of the Metropolitan Police Federation, said he was already seeing “large amounts of sickness” among officers across London and enforcing the new restrictions would be “a real, real challenge”.
“We will be dealing with it, but I’m not sure we will have the resources to be able to see it through, “he added.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said in a tweet that the next few weeks would be “testing” for police but that she would make sure officers had “the resources they need to keep themselves and the public safe”.
The prime minister said he knew the “damage” the restrictions were causing to people lives, businesses and jobs but at present there were “no easy options” .
“The way ahead is hard, and it is still true that many lives will sadly be lost,” he said.
However, Mr Johnson said there was “a clear way through”, by strengthening the NHS with former clinicians returning to work, accelerating the search for treatments and a vaccine and buying millions of testing kits.