.ORG Update, Hacker News

The proposed acquisition of Public Interest Registry (PIR) by Ethos Capital was announced on 19 NovemberPayeerby the parties and the Internet Society (ISOC). This announcement has raised many questions. In light of this, we want to be transparent about where we are in the process.

On NovemberPayeer, PIR formally notified ICANN of the proposed transaction. Under the .ORG Registry Agreement, PIR must obtain ICANN’s prior approval before any transaction that would result in a change of control of the registry operator. Typically, similar requests to ICANN are confidential; we asked PIR for permission to publish the notification and they declined our request.

According to the .ORG Registry Agreement and our processes for reviewing such requests, ICANN has 90 days to request additional information about the proposed transaction including information about the party acquiring control, its ultimate parent entity, and whether they meet the ICANN-adopted registry operator criteria (as well as financial resources, and operational and technical capabilities).

Public announcements made by PIR, ISOC, and Ethos Capital contain relevant facts that were not required in the request for approval. Today, we sent PIR an additional information request to ensure that we have a full understanding of this proposed acquisition. We have asked PIR to provide information related to the continuity of the operations of the .ORG registry, the nature of the proposed transaction, how the proposed new ownership structure would continue to adhere to the terms of our current agreement with PIR, and how they intend to act consistently with their promises to serve the .ORG community with more than 13 million domain name registrations.

ICANN will thoroughly evaluate the responses and then ICANN has 30 days to provide or withhold its consent to the request. The Registry Agreement requires a standard of reasonableness for ICANN’s determination.

We acknowledge the questions and concerns that are being raised and directed to ISOC, PIR, and ICANN relating to this change. To ease those concerns and maintain trust in the .ORG community, we urge PIR, ISOC, and Ethos Capital to act in an open and transparent manner throughout this process.We have sent a letter to both ISOC and PIR today, asking them to please be clear and open in all of their communications. We have indicated our willingness to publish the request and related materials involved in ICANN’s review including the request for approval, the request for additional information, and PIR’s responses.

ICANN takes its responsibility in evaluating this proposed transaction very seriously. We will thoughtfully and thoroughly evaluate the proposed acquisition to ensure that the .ORG registry remains secure, reliable, and stable.

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Domain Name System

Internationalized Domain Name, IDN, “IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages ​​that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet “” az “”. An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages ​​also use other types of digits than the European “0-9”. “The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed” “ASCII characters” “(ASCII=American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of “” Unicode characters “” that provides the basis for IDNs. The “” hostname rule “” requires that all domain nam es of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen “” – “”. The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of “” labels “” (separated by “” dots “”). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an “” A-label “”. All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a “” U-label “”. The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for “” test “” – परीका – appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of “” ASCII compatible encoding “” (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn – b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an “” LDH label “”. Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as “” “” is not an IDN. “

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